Racism Against Japanese American Citizens

May marks the 66th anniversary of the eradication of Portland, Oregon’s thriving Japantown business district when the area’s entire population of Japanese and Japanese Americans was forced into a makeshift WWII internment camp.   Today, Japanese American businessman Sho Dozono is a major player in the city’s mayoral campaign (the primary is May 20), and with Dozono’s political campaign,  “an incredible local cycle of racism, exile, and endurance has finally come full circle,” writes Lawrence Maushard for Portland Indie Media.  Although Dozono himself was not in the camps, over 110,000 Japanese American citizens were.    

In February, 1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order  9066, gave the military broad powers to ban any citizen from a fifty to sixty-mile wide coastal area that extended from California north to Washington State and inland into Arizona.  Although the internment of Japanese Americans is often portrayed as “war-time hysteria,” Maushard it actually followed a consistent pattern of systemic racism against Asian Americans.  Maushard interviewed Executive Director June Arima Schumann of the Oregon Nikkei Legacy Center in Portland, and she put it this way:

“Well, if you look at the history of intolerance in this country, including Oregon, Pearl Harbor simply acted as an excuse to take action against Japanese to remove them from our community, because of this whole chain of activities that had been hostile towards Chinese, and later Japanese.”

Once the internment began operations it was closely followed by —  and supported by the newspapers of the day.  Evacuation and detention notices were then posted in public places such as store walls and telephone poles, as well as constant articles and commentary in the major newspapers.  The local paper, The Oregonian, ran almost daily updates on evacuation information, instructions, and photos (like the one here, from The Oregonian, 1942).

Of course, when Executive Order 9066 was first issued and the process started most Japanese Americans thought they would be safe because they were citizens.  One woman, Harue “Mae” Ninomiya now 89, detained with her family, recalled:

“My brother and I, we thought we would be able to stay home and run the (family grocery) store because we were citizens. I didn’t think they would take citizens away.  I knew that my mother and father beings aliens would be [put in camps], but it was really a shock to hear that we all had to go.”

And, it is shocking…especially given the deplorable conditions in the camps.    Again quoting Executive Director Schumann about the conditions in Maushard’s piece:

“What they did was take away the partitions of the animal stalls, swept away the manure on the dirt floor, laid rolls of 2x4s, and then put 1×10 or 12×10 boards across to make the floor. So people lived on top of what used to be where the manure was…”

This is remains a seldom acknowledged part of American history.  Most of the time when I teach about this in my college classes, fewer than 5% of students have ever even heard about the internment camps, and almost none of them has any depth of knowledge about racism against Japanese Americans.

Political Delusions of Grandeur

In the past few days I have noticed a sickening feeling overwhelm my body and senses. As I have tried to find the cause for this feeling, I was unaware that the root of my issue was in front of me . . . . around me.  The cause of my sickness was paraded on several news channels and radio talk shows.  With the likes of Lou Dobbs, Sean Hannity/Alan Colmes , and George Stephanopoulos, my stomach turned, blood boiled, and eyes tear.

No! White media players are not the only ones who have caused me to become sickened.  People like Warren Ballentine, Joe Madison, and others on satellite radio (and here) have caused this issue with Barack Obama and Rev. Wright to appear bloodcurdling and miserable to watch it played out for the world to see.  My people have been noted in the media to be saying, “Wright is messing it up for Obama,” or “He [Wright] should just be quiet.”

Some Whites on the other hand are noted to be saying that the rhetoric of “race does not matter” and Obama has a chance.  Some are calling him the only hope for a better tomorrow.  To me, this is simply evidence of people drinking from the colorblind ideological kool-aid (Racism Without Racists: Color Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States by Eduardo Bonilla-Silva).  All of these comments make me shake my head in disgust for I know the reality.  I live in it everyday when I wake to the look of a Black male face gazing back at me in the mirror.

I walk by my degrees everyday on the way out of the door only to be reminded that to many I am unworthy.  I see and feel this through my fearful Asian graduate neighbor who seems to be tainted by the remains of the social reproduction of racism (Systemic Racism by Joe Feagin) passed along to her through the White power structure.  I saw and felt it today with the White female gas station cashier who went out of her way to be considerate and friendly to the White customer ahead of me but soon turned to refuse eye contact with me and went out of her way to avoid physical contact while handing me my change.  During a meeting yesterday, I was reminded by a room of White female public school administrators that regardless of my experience and advanced education (of which they do not have) that I will always be challenged and at times overlooked.  Oh yes, . . . I know the realities.  For Barack, the reality dictates that the White racial frame will never allow him to become the next president of the United States of America.  Until we truly dismantle the structure of oppression and racism within this country, we all will be “weeping shades of cozened indigo.”